Kimono as an Art
BY Pamela Ravasio | June 30, 2011
The World of Itchiku Kubota
In 1937, a young, talented yuzen Kimono artisan stumbled over a seemingly unpretentious looking textile exhibit at the Tokyo National Museum. This encounter marked the rest of his life and fueled decades of quiet experimentation and research. The exhibited cloth dated from the late Muromachi Period (1333-1573) and showed a faded series of flowers created in Tsuji-ga-hana (辻が花) technique--a combination of tie-dyeing, stitch resist, brush-painting, applied metallic leaf and sometimes embroidery. The technique suddenly disappeared from all records at about the same time the cloth was created, which has lead to it being jokingly referred to as 'ghost dyeing'. Itchiku Kubota decided then and there that one day he would recreate the dye results he saw--an urge equal in intensity he only felt once more during his life time: in his three years as a Russian prisoner of war, triggered by the intensely vivid colors of the Siberian sun set.
These two turning points in Kubota's life, combined with a deeply felt admiration of nature and the coming and going of seasons, planted the seeds to what in the present possibly is the most extraordinary body of work any Kimono artisan--certainly any contemporary artisan – ever created.
The Itchiku Kubota Museum is located at the outskirts of Kawaguchi-ko city, a comfortable two hour train ride from downtown Tokyo. Hidden away at the back of a small forest, it boasts spectacular views onto the world's most perfectly shaped volcano, Mount Fuji, and was designed from the outset to realize one man's dream of exhibiting the fruits of his single, strongest passion.
The museum itself appears to be cut out from the pages of a children's fairytale book: wrapped in a cloth of fire red maple leaves in autumn, a down blanket of white-and-pink cherry blossoms in spring, protected from snows and bone-chilling winds in the winter, and pleasantly fresh in the summer months. The museums architecture combines in a striking contrast Gaudi-style art deco made from Okinawan coral and limestone on the lower level, with a traditional, yet heavy Japanese open plan design for the upper level Kimono hall. A waterfall leads from the entrance gates to the buildings on the first level, and the courtyard is designed to double as Noh theatre stage in the summer.
In addition to selected key works of Kubota's career, the museum is home to his principle creation, the 'Symphony of Light'. This unique body of work is a collection of two sets of Kimonos, entitled 'The Four Seasons' and 'The Universe' respectively. Planned and drafted in all detail back in 1981, this 'grand oeuvre' will eventually grow to encompass a total of eighty kimonos.
All the Kubota kimonos are oversized and originally based on the Uchikake design. He however took the extraordinary step of increasing the Kimono's overall height by up to twenty percent and adding up to seventy-three centimetres (twenty-nine inches) to the lower hemlines. The effect of this decision is evident: the kimonos are no longer wearable art, but rather had turned into a canvas for his designs. And, unlike kimonos designed to be worn, these are intended to be seen only from the back with the front edges held out to the sides.
Each kimono depicts a landscape at one stage of the four seasons as an independent image. This is then part of a compositionally linked series that continues from one robe to the next, which when observed from a distance or at an angle, emerges as a whole just like a traditional Japanese sliding screen. When all the Kimonos in the Symphony of Light series are displayed together in a single room, which was Kubota's intention from the outset, the effect is that of a single work of art, with the imagery creating, expanding, and changing a vista that both encloses the viewer and creates the illusion of seeing far beyond the confines of the room towards a distant horizon.
The colors chosen are taken from nature: intense oranges and reds at the peak of autumn, shades of white a grey in winter, shades of pink and yellow in spring. And omnipresent yet discreetly integrated into the overall design: a repeat appearance of what is the recreated Tsuji-ga-hana dyed flowers.
At the time of Kubota’s death in 2003, only thirty-four autumn and winter-themed works of the 'Four Seasons' series, and five works of the 'Universe' series were completed. And it is now the responsibility of the artist's sons and former apprentices to complete Kubota’s dream by following the original, painstakingly detailed design instructions. Knowing that from start to finish each piece requires a year of patient artisanry, myriads of different dye baths, as well as brush painting, embroidery and finishing steps, the mountain that remains to be climbed by his successors can only be imagined.
The Itchiku Kubota museum is accessed by public transport from Tokyo via Kawaguchi-ko station. To get to know more about Itchiku Kubota Museum, please visit the following link: http://itchiku-museum.com/
Pamela Ravasio is an ethical fashion journalist and consultant, and the publisher of the Award winning eco fashion Blog 'Shirahime 白姫' (http://shirahime.ch).